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ISSN  2096-3955

CN  10-1502/P

Citation: Li, Y., Sheng Z., and Jing, J. R. (2019). Feature analysis of stratospheric wind and temperature fields over the Antigua site by rocket data. Earth Planet. Phys., 3(5), 414–424.doi: 10.26464/epp2019040

2019, 3(5): 414-424. doi: 10.26464/epp2019040


Feature analysis of stratospheric wind and temperature fields over the Antigua site by rocket data


College of Meteorology and Oceanography, National University of Defense Technology, Nanjing 211100, China


Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 211100, China

Corresponding author: Zheng Sheng,

Received Date: 2019-04-01
Web Publishing Date: 2019-09-01

The wind and temperature fields at 20 to 55 km above the Antigua launch site (17°N, 61°W) were analyzed by using sounding rocket data published by the research organization on Stratosphere-Troposphere Processes and their Role in Climate (SPARC). The results showed distinct variations in the wind and temperature fields at different heights from the 1960s to the 1990s. The overall zonal wind speed showed a significant increasing trend with the year, and the overall change in meridional wind speed showed a falling trend from 1976 to 1990, whereas the temperature field showed a significant cooling trend from 1964 to 1990. The times the trends mutated varied at different levels. By taking the altitudes at 20, 35, and 50 km as representatives, we found that the zonal wind speed trend had mutated in 1988, 1986, and 1986, respectively; that the meridional wind speed trend had mutated in 1990, 1986, and 1990, respectively; and that the temperature trend had mutated separately in 1977, 1973, and 1967, respectively. Characteristics of the periodic wind and temperature field variations at different heights were also analyzed, and obvious differences were found in time scale variations across the different layers. The zonal and meridional wind fields were basically characterized as having a significant periodic variation of 5 years across the three layers, and each level was characterized as having a periodic variation of less than 5 years. Temperature field variation at the three levels was basically characterized as occurring in 10-year and 5-year cycles.

Key words: wind field change, temperature change, empirical orthogonal function (EOF), wavelet analysis

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Feature analysis of stratospheric wind and temperature fields over the Antigua site by rocket data

Yang Li, Zheng Sheng, JinRui Jing