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ISSN  2096-3955

CN  10-1502/P

Citation: Zhang, X. X., F. He, B. Chen, C. Shen, H. N. Wang (2017), Correlations between plasmapause evolutions and auroral signatures during substorms observed by Chang’e-3 EUV Camera, Earth Planet. Phys., 1, 35-43, doi: 10.26464/epp2017005

2017, 1(1): 35-43. doi: 10.26464/epp2017005

Correlations between plasmapause evolutions and auroral signatures during substorms observed by Chang’e-3 EUV Camera


Key Laboratory of Space Weather, National Center for Space Weather, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100081, China


Key Laboratory of Earth and Planetary Physics, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China


College of Earth Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China


Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130033, China


School of Natural Sciences and Humanity, Harbin Institute of Technology Shenzhen Graduate School, Shenzhen 518005, China


National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012, China

Corresponding author: Fei He,

Received Date: 2017-04-10
Web Publishing Date: 2017-01-01

The plasmapause locations determined from the Chang’e-3 (CE-3) Extreme Ultraviolet Camera (EUVC) images and the auroral boundaries determined from the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) Special Sensor Ultraviolet Spectrographic Imager (SSUSI) images are used to investigate the plasmaspheric evolutions during substorms. The most important finding is a nightside pointing plasmaspheric plume observed at 23:05 UT on 21 April 2014 under quiet solar wind and geomagnetic conditions, which drifted from the dusk sector. High correlations between the plasmapause evolutions and the auroral signatures exist during substorms. After substorm onset, the plasmapause erosion and the equatorward expansion of the auroral oval occur almost simultaneously in both MLT and UT, and then both the erosion and the expansion propagate westward and eastward. It is suggested that the plasmaspheric erosion and its MLT propagations are induced by the enhanced earthward plasma convection during substorm period, and the substorm dipolarization causes pitch-angle scattering of plasma sheet electrons and the resulting precipitation excites aurora emissions at the same time.

Key words: plasmasphere, Chang’e-3, EUVC, minimum L Algorithm, substorm

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Correlations between plasmapause evolutions and auroral signatures during substorms observed by Chang’e-3 EUV Camera

XiaoXin Zhang, Fei He, Bo Chen, Chao Shen, HuaNing Wang