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地球与行星物理

ISSN  2096-3955

CN  10-1502/P

Citation: SiYu Miao, HaiJiang Zhang,YuYang Tan,Ye Lin, 2021: High resolution seismic waveform migration location method and its applications to induced seismicity, Earth and Planetary Physics. http://doi.org/10.26464/epp2021056

doi: 10.26464/epp2021056

High resolution seismic waveform migration location method and its applications to induced seismicity

1 Laboratory of Seismology and Earth’s Interior; School of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, 96 Jinzhai Road, Hefei, Anhui 230026, China

2 Mengcheng National Geophysical Observatory, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, China

3 Key Lab of Submarine Geosciences and Prospecting Techniques MOE, Institute for Advanced Ocean Study, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China

4 Laboratory for Marine Mineral Resources, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266100, China

Fund Project: This study is supported by the Natural National Science Foundation of China under the grant 41961134001 and by the National Science and Technology Major Project of China under grant 2016ZX05023004.

Locating seismic events is a central task for earthquake monitoring. Compared to arrival-based location methods, waveform-based location methods do not require picking phase arrivals and are more suitable for locating seismic events with noisy waveforms. Among waveform-based location methods, one category is to stack different attributes of P and S waveforms around arrival times corresponding to potential event locations and origin times. At correct event location and origin time, the stacking value will be maximized. In this study, to obtain high-resolution location image, we improve the waveform-based location method by applying hybrid multiplicative imaging condition to characteristic functions of seismic waveforms. In our new stacking method, stations are divided into groups and characteristic functions of seismic waveforms at stations in the same group are first summed and then multiplied among groups, which can largely eliminate the cumulative effect of noise in the summation process and thus improve the resolution of location images. We test the new method and compare it with the other three stacking methods using both synthetic and real datasets that are related to induced seismicity by oil/gas production. The results show that the new stacking method can provide higher-resolution location images.

Key words:

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High resolution seismic waveform migration location method and its applications to induced seismicity

SiYu Miao, HaiJiang Zhang,YuYang Tan,Ye Lin