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地球与行星物理

ISSN  2096-3955

CN  10-1502/P

Citation: Cui, J., Rong, Z. J., Wei, Y., and Wang, Y. M. (2020). Recent investigations of the near-Mars space environment by the planetary aeronomy and space physics community in China. Earth Planet. Phys., 4(1), 1–3.. http://doi.org/10.26464/epp2020001

2020, 4(1): 1-3. doi: 10.26464/epp2020001

PLANETARY SCIENCES

Recent investigations of the near-Mars space environment by the planetary aeronomy and space physics community in China

1. 

School of Atmospheric Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai Guangdong 519082, China

2. 

Key Laboratory of Lunar and Deep Space Exploration, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012, China

3. 

Chinese Academy of Sciences Center for Excellence in Comparative Planetology, Hefei 230000, China

4. 

Key Laboratory of Earth and Planetary Physics, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China

5. 

School of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

6. 

School of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China

Corresponding author: Jun Cui, cuijun7@mail.sysu.edu.cn

Received Date: 2020-01-30
Web Publishing Date: 2020-02-05

The present issue of Earth and Planetary Physics is dedicated to the near-space neutral and plasma environments of Mars. The issue includes nine papers that present new results on the properties of the Martian exosphere, ionosphere, and magnetosphere, from both observational and modeling points of view. Due to the similarity between the two objects, the issue also includes two additional papers on the near-Venus plasma environment.

Key words: Mars, Venus, exosphere, ionosphere, magnetosphere

Acuña, M. H., Connerney, J. E. P., Ness, N. F., Lin, R. P., Mitchell, D., Carlson, C. W., McFadden, J., Anderson, K. A., Reme, H., … Cloutier, P. (1999). Global distribution of crustal magnetization discovered by the Mars Global Surveyor MAG/ER experiment. Science, 284(5415), 790–793. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.284.5415.790

Benna, M., Mahaffy, P. R., Grebowsky, J. M., Fox, J. L., Yelle, R. V., and Jakosky, B. M. (2015). First measurements of composition and dynamics of the Martian ionosphere by MAVEN’s Neutral Gas and Ion Mass Spectrometer. Geophys. Res. Lett., 42(21), 8958–8965. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015GL066146

Bertucci, C., Duru, F., Edberg, N., Fränz, M., Martinecz, C., Szego, K., and Vaisberg, O. (2011). The induced magnetospheres of Mars, Venus, and Titan. Space Sci. Rev., 162(1-4), 113–171. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-011-9845-1

Brain, D. A., Bagenal, F., Acuña, M. H., Connerney, J. E. P., Crider, D. H., Mazelle, C., Mitchell, D. L., and Ness, N. F. (2002). Observations of low-frequency electromagnetic plasma waves upstream from the Martian shock. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 107(A6), 1076. https://doi.org/101029/2000JA000416

Cane, H. V. (2000). Coronal mass ejections and Forbush decreases. Space Sci. Rev., 93(1/2), 55–77. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1026532125747

Cao, Y. T., Cui, J., Wu, X. S., and Zhong, J. H. (2020). Photoelectron pitch angle distribution near Mars and implications on cross terminator magnetic field connectivity. Earth Planet. Phys., 4(1), 17–22. https://doi.org/10.26464/epp2020008

Chaffin, M. S., Chaufray, J. Y., Deighan, J., Schneider, N. M., McClintock, W. E., Steward, A. I. F., Thiemann, E., Clarke, J. T., Holsclaw, G. M., … Jakosky, B. M. (2015). Three-dimensional structure in the Mars H corona revealed by IUVS on MAVEN. Geophys. Res. Lett., 42(21), 9001–9008. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015GL065287

Coates, A. J., Tsang, S. M. E., Wellbrock, A., Frahm, R. A., Winningham, J. D., Barabash, S., Lundin, R., Young, D. T., and Crary, F. J. (2011). Ionospheric photoelectrons: Comparing Venus, Earth, Mars and Titan. Planet. Space Sci., 59(10), 1019–1027. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pss.2010.07.016

Elphic, R. C., Russell, C. T., Slavin, J. A., Brace, L. H., and Nagy, A. F. (1980). The location of the dayside ionopause of Venus: Pioneer Venus Orbiter Magnetometer observations. Geophys. Res. Lett., 7(8), 561–564. https://doi.org/10.1029/GL007i008p00561

Fu, M. H., Cui, J., Wu, X. S., Wu, Z. P., and Li, J. (2020). The variations of the Martian exobase altitude. Earth Planet. Phys., 4(1), 4–10. https://doi.org/10.26464/epp2020010

Gu, H., Cui, J., He, Z. G., and Zhong, J. H. (2020). A MAVEN investigation of O++ in the dayside Martian ionosphere. Earth Planet. Phys., 4(1), 11–16. https://doi.org/10.26464/epp2020009

Guo, J. N., Wimmer-Schweingruber, R. F., Dumbovicx, M., Heber, B., and Wang, Y. M. (2020). A new model describing Forbush Decreases at Mars: combining the heliospheric modulation and the atmospheric influence. Earth Planet. Phys., 4(1), 62–72. https://doi.org/10.26464/epp2020007

Han, Q. Q., Fraenz, M., Wei, Y., Dubinin, E., Cui, J. Chai, L. H., Rong, Z. J., Wan, W. X., and Futaana, Y. (2020). EUV-dependence of Venusian dayside ionopause altitude: VEX and PVO observations. Earth Planet. Phys., 4(1), 73–81. https://doi.org/10.26464/epp2020011

Jakosky, B. M., Grebowsky, J. M., Luhmann, J. G., and Brain, D. A. (2015). Initial results from the MAVEN mission to Mars. Geophys. Res. Lett., 42(21), 8791–8802. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015GL065271

Johnson, R. E., Combi, M. R., Fox, J. L., Ip, W. -H., Leblanc, F., McGrath, M. A., Shematovich, V. I., Strobel, D. F., and Waite, J. H. (2008). Exospheres and atmospheric escape. Space Sci. Rev., 139(1-4), 355–397. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-008-9415-3

Li, S. B., Lu, H. Y., Cui, J., Yu, Y. Q., Mazelle, C., Li, Y., and Cao, J. B. (2020). Effects of a dipole-like crustal field on solar wind interaction with Mars. Earth Planet. Phys., 4(1), 23–31. https://doi.org/10.26464/epp2020005

Liu, D., Yao, Z. H., Wei, Y., Rong, Z. J., Shan, L. C., Arnaud, S., Jared, E., Wei, H. Y., and Wan, W. X. (2020). Upstream proton cyclotron waves: occurrence and amplitude dependence on IMF cone angle at Mars — from MAVEN observations. Earth Planet. Phys., 4(1), 51–61. https://doi.org/10.26464/epp2020002

Luhmann, J. G., Tatrallyay, M., Russell, C. T., and Winterhalter, D. (1983). Magnetic field fluctuations in the Venus magnetosheath. Geophys. Res. Lett., 10(8), 655–658. https://doi.org/10.1029/GL010i008p00655

Ma, Y. J., Nagy, A. F., Hansen, K. C., and DeZeeuw, D. L. (2002). Three-dimensional multispecies MHD studies of the solar wind interaction with Mars in the presence of crustal fields. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 107(A10), 1282. https://doi.org/10.1029/2002JA009293

Mahaffy, P. R., Benna, M., Elrod, M., Yelle, R. V., Bougher, S. W., Stone, S. W., and Jakosky, B. M. (2015). Structure and composition of the neutral upper atmosphere of Mars from the MAVEN NGIMS investigation. Geophys. Res. Lett., 42(21), 8951–8957. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015GL065329

Nagy, A. F., Winterhalter, D., Sauer, K., Cravens, T. E., Brecht, S., Mazelle, C., Crider, D., Kallio, E., Zakharov, A., … Trotignon, J. G. (2004). The plasma environment of Mars. Space Sci. Rev., 111(1), 33–114. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:SPAC.0000032718.47512.92

Richardson, I. G. (2004). Energetic particles and corotating interaction regions in the Solar Wind. Space Sci. Rev., 111(3), 267–376. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:SPAC.0000032689.52830.3e

Romanelli, N., Mazelle, C., Chaufray, J. Y., Meziane, K., Shan, L., Ruhunusiri, S., Connerney, J. E. P., Espley, J. R., Eparvier, F., … Jakosky, B. M. (2016). Proton cyclotron waves occurrence rate upstream from Mars observed by MAVEN: Associated variability of the Martian upper atmosphere. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(11), 11,113–11,128. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023270

Shan, L. C., Ge, Y. S., and Du, A. M. (2020). A case study of large-amplitude ULF waves in the Martian foreshock. Earth Planet. Phys., 4(1), 45–50. https://doi.org/10.26464/epp2020004

Wang, J., Xu, X. J., Yu, J., and Ye, Y. D. (2020). South-north asymmetry of proton density distribution in the Martian magnetosheath. Earth Planet. Phys., 4(1), 32–37. https://doi.org/10.26464/epp2020003

Wei, Y., Yao, Z. H., and Wan, W. X. (2018). China’s roadmap for planetary exploration. Nat. Astron., 2(5), 346–348. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41550-018-0456-6

Withers, P. (2009). A review of observed variability in the dayside ionosphere of Mars. Adv. Space Res., 44(3), 277–307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2009.04.27

Withers, P., Fillingim, M. O., Lillis, R. J., Häusler, B., Hinson, D. P., Tyler, G. L., Pätzold, M., Peter, K., Tellman, S., and Witasse, O. (2012). Observations of the nightside ionosphere of Mars by the Mars Express Radio Science Experiment (MaRS). J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 17(A12), A12307. https://doi.org/10.1029/2012JA018185

Xiao, S. D., Wu, M. Y., Wang, G. Q., Wang, G., Chen, Y. Q., and Zhang, T. L. (2020). Turbulence in the near-Venusian space: Venus Express observations. Earth Planet. Phys., 4(1), 82–87. https://doi.org/10.26464/epp2020012

Xu, Q., Xu, X. J., Chang, Q., Xu, J. Y., Wang, J., and Ye, Y. D. (2020). An ICME impact on the Martian hydrogen corona. Earth Planet.Phys., 4(1), 38–44. https://doi.org/10.26464/epp2020006

[1]

Hao Gu, Jun Cui, ZhaoGuo He, JiaHao Zhong, 2020: A MAVEN investigation of O++ in the dayside Martian ionosphere, Earth and Planetary Physics, 4, 11-16. doi: 10.26464/epp2020009

[2]

QianQian Han, Markus Fraenz, Yong Wei, Eduard Dubinin, Jun Cui, LiHui Chai, ZhaoJin Rong, WeiXing Wan, Yoshifumi Futaana, 2020: EUV-dependence of Venusian dayside ionopause altitude: VEX and PVO observations, Earth and Planetary Physics, 4, 73-81. doi: 10.26464/epp2020011

[3]

XiaoShu Wu, Jun Cui, YuTian Cao, WeiQin Sun, Qiong Luo, BinBin Ni, 2020: Response of photoelectron peaks in the Martian ionosphere to solar EUV/X-ray irradiance, Earth and Planetary Physics, 4, 390-395. doi: 10.26464/epp2020035

[4]

JunYi Wang, XinAn Yue, Yong Wei, WeiXing Wan, 2018: Optimization of the Mars ionospheric radio occultation retrieval, Earth and Planetary Physics, 2, 292-302. doi: 10.26464/epp2018027

[5]

JianYong Lu, HanXiao Zhang, Ming Wang, ChunLi Gu, HaiYan Guan, 2019: Magnetosphere response to the IMF turning from north to south, Earth and Planetary Physics, 3, 8-16. doi: 10.26464/epp2019002

[6]

YuXian Wang, XiaoCheng Guo, BinBin Tang, WenYa Li, Chi Wang, 2018: Modeling the Jovian magnetosphere under an antiparallel interplanetary magnetic field from a global MHD simulation, Earth and Planetary Physics, 2, 303-309. doi: 10.26464/epp2018028

[7]

H. Takahashi, P. Essien, C. A. O. B. Figueiredo, C. M. Wrasse, D. Barros, M. A. Abdu, Y. Otsuka, K. Shiokawa, GuoZhu Li, 2021: Multi-instrument study of longitudinal wave structures for plasma bubble seeding in the equatorial ionosphere, Earth and Planetary Physics, 5, 368-377. doi: 10.26464/epp2021047

[8]

MeiJuan Yao, Jun Cui, XiaoShu Wu, YingYing Huang, WenRui Wang, 2019: Variability of the Martian ionosphere from the MAVEN Radio Occultation Science Experiment, Earth and Planetary Physics, 3, 283-289. doi: 10.26464/epp2019029

[9]

ShuWen Tang, Yi Wang, HongYun Zhao, Fang Fang, Yi Qian, YongJie Zhang, HaiBo Yang, CunHui Li, Qiang Fu, Jie Kong, XiangYu Hu, Hong Su, ZhiYu Sun, YuHong Yu, BaoMing Zhang, Yu Sun, ZhiPeng Sun, 2020: Calibration of Mars Energetic Particle Analyzer (MEPA), Earth and Planetary Physics, 4, 355-363. doi: 10.26464/epp2020055

[10]

D. Singh, S. Uttam, 2022: Thermal inertia at the MSL and InSight mission sites on Mars, Earth and Planetary Physics, 6, 18-27. doi: 10.26464/epp2022004

[11]

LingGao Kong, AiBing Zhang, Zhen Tian, XiangZhi Zheng, WenJing Wang, Bin Liu, Peter Wurz, Daniele Piazza, Adrian Etter, Bin Su, YaYa An, JianJing Ding, WenYa Li, Yong Liu, Lei Li, YiRen Li, Xu Tan, YueQiang Sun, 2020: Mars Ion and Neutral Particle Analyzer (MINPA) for Chinese Mars Exploration Mission (Tianwen-1): Design and ground calibration, Earth and Planetary Physics, 4, 333-344. doi: 10.26464/epp2020053

[12]

Kai Liu, XinJun Hao, YiRen Li, TieLong Zhang, ZongHao Pan, ManMing Chen, XiaoWen Hu, Xin Li, ChengLong Shen, YuMing Wang, 2020: Mars Orbiter magnetometer of China’s First Mars Mission Tianwen-1, Earth and Planetary Physics, 4, 384-389. doi: 10.26464/epp2020058

[13]

Bin Zhou, ShaoXiang Shen, Wei Lu, YuXi Li, Qing Liu, ChuanJun Tang, ShiDong Li, GuangYou Fang, 2020: The Mars rover subsurface penetrating radar onboard China's Mars 2020 mission, Earth and Planetary Physics, 4, 345-354. doi: 10.26464/epp2020054

[14]

Zhi Li, QuanMing Lu, RongSheng Wang, XinLiang Gao, HuaYue Chen, 2019: In situ evidence of resonant interactions between energetic electrons and whistler waves in magnetopause reconnection, Earth and Planetary Physics, 3, 467-473. doi: 10.26464/epp2019048

[15]

ChongJing Yuan, YiQiao Zuo, Elias Roussos, Yong Wei, YiXin Hao, YiXin Sun, Norbert Krupp, 2021: Large-scale episodic enhancements of relativistic electron intensities in Jupiter's radiation belt, Earth and Planetary Physics, 5, 314-326. doi: 10.26464/epp2021037

[16]

ZiChuan Li, Jun Cui, Jing Li, XiaoShu Wu, JiaHao Zhong, FaYu Jiang, 2020: Solar control of CO2 + ultraviolet doublet emission on Mars, Earth and Planetary Physics, 4, 543-549. doi: 10.26464/epp2020064

[17]

YaoKun Li, JiPing Chao, 2022: A two-dimensional energy balance climate model on Mars, Earth and Planetary Physics, 6, 284-293. doi: 10.26464/epp2022026

[18]

YuTian Cao, Jun Cui, XiaoShu Wu, JiaHao Zhong, 2020: Photoelectron pitch angle distribution near Mars and implications on cross terminator magnetic field connectivity, Earth and Planetary Physics, 4, 17-22. doi: 10.26464/epp2020008

[19]

XinZhou Li, ZhaoJin Rong, JiaWei Gao, Yong Wei, Zhen Shi, Tao Yu, WeiXing Wan, 2020: A local Martian crustal field model: Targeting the candidate landing site of the 2020 Chinese Mars Rover, Earth and Planetary Physics, 4, 420-428. doi: 10.26464/epp2020045

[20]

Chi-Fong Wong, Kim-Chiu Chow, Kwing L. Chan, Jing Xiao, Yemeng Wang, 2021: Some features of effective radius and variance of dust particles in numerical simulations of the dust climate on Mars, Earth and Planetary Physics, 5, 11-18. doi: 10.26464/epp2021005

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Recent investigations of the near-Mars space environment by the planetary aeronomy and space physics community in China

Jun Cui, ZhaoJin Rong, Yong Wei, YuMing Wang