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ISSN  2096-3955

CN  10-1502/P

Citation: ShuYang Yu, Jian Rao, and Dong Guo, 2022: Arctic ozone loss in early spring and its impact on the stratosphere-troposphere coupling, Earth and Planetary Physics.

doi: 10.26464/epp2022015

Arctic ozone loss in early spring and its impact on the stratosphere-troposphere coupling

1 Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster, Ministry of Education (KLME) / Joint International Research Laboratory of Climate and Environment Change (ILCEC) / Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters (CIC-FEMD), Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China;

2 School of Atmospheric Science, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China;

3 Reading Academy, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China

Corresponding author: and Dong Guo,

Fund Project: The authors thank ECMWF ( for their providing the ERA5 reanalysis data. We acknowledge the High Performance Computing Center of Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology for their support of this work. The authors thank the ESGF ( and NCAR for their freely providing the CMIP6 simulations by CESM2-WACCM. All CMIP6 data used in this study are publicly available from ESGF. This study was joint supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant NO. 91837311).

The tropospheric impact of Arctic ozone loss events is still debatable. Using the ERA5 reanalysis and long-term integration by a climate-chemistry coupled model (CESM2-WACCM), the frequency of the Arctic ozone loss event and its tropospheric impacts are investigated in this study. On average, Arctic ozone loss events occur once in early spring every 14-15 years in both the ERA5 and the model. It is estimated from both ERA5 and modelling that roughly 40% of the strong polar vortex events in March are coupled with Arctic ozone loss and the remaining 60% are uncoupled. The composite difference between the two samples might be attributed to the pure impact of the Arctic ozone loss with the interference of strong polar vortices’ impact removed. Arctic ozone loss is accompanied by an increase in total ozone in midlatitudes with the maximum center in Central North Pacific. Comparing Arctic ozone loss events and pure strong polar vortex events uncoupled with ozone loss, the stratospheric NAM reverses earlier for the former. For the pure strong vortex events in early spring without Arctic ozone loss, the cold anomalies can extent from the stratosphere to the middle troposphere. The near surface warm anomalies are biased toward the continents during strong polar vortex events without ozone loss. In contrast, ozone loss in spring during the other 40% strong polar vortex events favors a concurrent and delayed warming of the near surface over the Arctic and its neighboring areas due to vertical redistribution of the solar radiation by the change in the ozone.

Key words: Arctic ozone loss, strong polar vortex, CESM2-WACCM, historical run

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Arctic ozone loss in early spring and its impact on the stratosphere-troposphere coupling

ShuYang Yu, Jian Rao, and Dong Guo