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ISSN  2096-3955

CN  10-1502/P

Citation: Guo, X. C., Zhou, Y. C., Wang, C. and Liu, Y. D. (2021). Propagation of large-scale solar wind events in the outer heliosphere from a numerical MHD simulation. Earth Planet. Phys., 5(3), 1–9doi: 10.26464/epp2021024

doi: 10.26464/epp2021024


Propagation of large-scale solar wind events in the outer heliosphere from a numerical MHD simulation


State Key Laboratory of Space Weather, National Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100190, China


College of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100049, China

Corresponding author: XiaoCheng Guo,

Received Date: 2016-07-01
Accepted Date: 2016-09-27
Web Publishing Date: 2021-05-01

Voyager 1 occasionally detected sudden jumps of the local interstellar magnetic field strength since its heliopause crossing in August 2012. These events were believed to be associated with outward propagating solar wind shocks originating in the inner heliosphere. Here we investigate the correlation between interstellar shocks and large-scale solar wind events by means of numerical MHD simulation. The solar wind is simplified as a symmetric flow near the equatorial plane, and the interstellar neutrals are treated as a constant flow with a fixed density distribution along the upwind direction of the local interstellar medium. The charge exchanges between the solar wind plasma and the interstellar neutrals are taken into account. At a heliocentric distance of 1 AU, the solar wind data from OMNI, STEREO A and B during the period between 2010 and 2017 are used as the inner boundary conditions to drive the simulation. The simulation results showed that the solar wind gradually merges into large-scale structures as the radial distance increases, consistent with observations by New Horizons. After propagating into the inner heliosheath, the shocks are fully developed and the corresponding pressure pulses roughly agree with the observations by Voyager 2 in the inner heliosheath. The arrival of the shocks beyond the heliopause is estimated and found to be consistent with the observed signatures of interstellar shocks by Voyager 1. The possible origins of interstellar shocks in the inner heliosheath are discussed based on the simulation.

Key words: MHD, outer heliosphere, solar wind, interstellar medium, shocks, Voyager

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Propagation of large-scale solar wind events in the outer heliosphere from a numerical MHD simulation

XiaoCheng Guo, YuCheng Zhou, Chi Wang, Ying D. Liu