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ISSN  2096-3955

CN  10-1502/P

Citation: Lai, C., Li, P. W., Xu, J. Y., Yuan, W., Yue, J., Liu, X., Masaru, K., and Qian, L. L. (2022). Joint observation of the concentric gravity wave event on the Tibetan Plateau. Earth Planet. Phys., 6(3), 219–227.

2022, 6(3): 219-227. doi: 10.26464/epp2022029


Joint observation of the concentric gravity wave event on the Tibetan Plateau


School of Science, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing 400065, China


State Key Laboratory of Space Weather, Center for Space Science and Applied Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 110000, China


Department of Physics, Catholic University of America, Washington, DC 20064, USA


College of Mathematics and Information Science, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang 410700, China


Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 8190395, Japan

Corresponding author: Chang Lai,

Received Date: 2022-03-05
Web Publishing Date: 2022-04-25

A concentric gravity wave event was captured by a photographer in Nagarzê County (90.28°N, 28.33°E) between 02:00 and 04:00 (local time) on May 11, 2019. This concentric gravity wave event was also observed by the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership satellite and the all-sky airglow imager at Yangbajing station (90.5°E, 30.1°N). The temporal and spatial information on gravity waves from the photographs provided a rare opportunity to study the propagation of gravity waves over the Tibetan Plateau. According to wind and temperature data from the MERRA-2 reanalysis (Modern-Era Retrospective analysis for Research and Applications, Version 2) and empirical models (NRLMSISE-00 [Naval Research Laboratory Mass Spectrometer and Incoherent Scatter Radar Exosphere] and HWM [horizontal wind model]), we inversely derived the propagation trajectory from the observed wave pattern to the source region by using the ray-tracing method. The source of the concentric gravity wave was identified as deep convection in Bangladesh (90.6°E, 25.0°N). The maximum background wind speed in the propagation direction (31.05 m/s) was less than the phase speed of 53 m/s, which is consistent with the wind-filtering theory.

Key words: concentric gravity wave, ray-tracing method, convection source, Tibetan Plateau

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Joint observation of the concentric gravity wave event on the Tibetan Plateau

Chang Lai, PengWei Li, JiYao Xu, Wei Yuan, Jia Yue, Xiao Liu, Kogure Masaru, LiLi Qian