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地球与行星物理

ISSN  2096-3955

CN  10-1502/P

Citation: Ullah, S., Li, H. L., Rauf, A., Meng, L., Wang, B., Ge, S. C. and Wang, M. Y. (2021). Effect of ions on conductivity and permittivity in the Polar Mesosphere Summer Echoes region. Earth Planet. Phys., 5(2), 196–204doi: 10.26464/epp2021016

2021, 5(2): 196-204. doi: 10.26464/epp2021016

SPACE PHYSICS

Effect of ions on conductivity and permittivity in the Polar Mesosphere Summer Echoes region

1. 

School of Electronic Science and Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, China

2. 

Terahertz Science and Technology Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu 610054, China

3. 

National Key Laboratory of Electromagnetic Environment, China Research Institute of Radiowave Propagation, Qingdao 266107, China

4. 

School of Physics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, China

Corresponding author: HaiLong Li, hailong703@163.com

Received Date: 2020-10-18
Web Publishing Date: 2021-03-01

For the first time, the effect of ions on complex conductivity and permittivity of dusty plasma at Polar Mesosphere Summer Echoes (PMSE) altitude is analyzed. Because of ions higher mass and smaller thermal velocity, generally, their effects are not considered in the study of electromagnetic properties of dusty plasmas. In this study, we modified the equations of conductivity and permittivity by adding the effect of ions. In the PMSE altitude region between 80 and 90 km, a local reduction in electron density (i.e., an electron bite-out), is produced by electron absorption onto dust particles. The bite-out condition contains high dust density and smaller electron density. From simulation results in comparatively strong bite-out conditions, we found that the ion effects on conductivity become significant with smaller dust size, lower electron temperature, and lower neutral density. For comparatively weak bite-out conditions, the ion effects on conductivity become significant with larger dust size, higher electron temperature, and higher neutral density. On the other hand, for different dust sizes, electron temperatures and neutral density, the ion effects on complex permittivity become significant only in very strong bite-out conditions. Based on these simulation results, we conclude that, in the absence of electron bite-out conditions, the effect of ions on complex conductivity and permittivity is not significant and can be ignored. However, during bite-out conditions, the effect of ions becomes significant and cannot be ignored because it significantly changes the conductivity and permittivity of dusty plasmas.

Key words: PMSE, electromagnetic waves, collision and charging effect, conductivity and permittivity

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Effect of ions on conductivity and permittivity in the Polar Mesosphere Summer Echoes region

Safi Ullah, HaiLong Li, Abdur Rauf, Lin Meng, Bin Wang, ShuCan Ge, MaoYan Wang